The Benefits of Aquaculture
Aquaculture is essentially the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and other organisms. This involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater population under controlled conditions. There are many benefits to aquaculture to our environment and fish.
Why we need aquaculture
Aquacultures contribution to feeding the world is essential. In 2011, 29% of marine fish stocks were classified as overfished and 61% as fully fished. With the global population projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2040, consumption of fish will also rise. Having farmed seafood can reduce the fishing pressure on wild stock. Population numbers of some wild stocks are in danger of being depleted due to overfishing. Currently, seafood provides 3.1 billion people with 20% of their average per capita intake of protein. Demand for animal protein will almost double by 2050 and aquaculture production is highly resource efficient. The protein retention of aquaculture is 31% whereas for beef is 15%, according to a story by Nofima reported by the Global Aquaculture Alliance.
Farmed seafood have significantly less lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to other types of farming. For examples, cattle production produces 7 time more carbon dioxide emissions in comparison to farmed salmon production. Fish and shellfish can be farmed using methods that do not harm the environment whilst simultaneously meeting the growing demand for seafood.
Fisheries and aquaculture employ 12% of the world’s population. More than 100 million people rely on this industry for their livelihood, from farmers to fish processes and retailers. The aquaculture sectors makes a significant socioeconomic contribution in coastal and rural communities where economic opportunity tends to be limited.
The term aquaculture can have negative connotations, however, in reality, the benefits are numerous. Aquaculture contributes to food productions, restoration of threatened and endangered species, wild stock population enhancements, and fish culture and habitat restoration. It is predicted that by 2030, aquaculture will contribute 62% of all fish for human consumption. We ensure all of our farmed seafood products are supported by BAP (Best Aquaculture Practices) and/or ASC accreditations.