What is Omega 3 and Why is it Good for You?
Omega-3 fatty acids are important fats that play several important roles in our body. They have anti-inflammatory effects and are an essential component of our brain and eyes. Our body can’t produce them, so we must get them from our diet.
There are three kinds of omega-3 fatty acid: ALA, DHA, and EPA.
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is the most common omega-3 fatty acid. You can find it in foods like flax seeds, flaxseed oil, canola oil, chia seeds, walnuts, hemp seeds, and soybeans.
Our body converts most of it into energy, while a small percentage is transformed into the other two more active types of Omega-3 fatty acids.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is mostly found in fatty fish like mackerel, herring, tuna, halibut, salmon. It’s also present in fish oil and some microalgae.
It has several functions in our body and it has a particularly beneficial effect on the heart.
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the most important omega-3 fatty acid. It’s a primary structural component of the human brain, cerebral cortex, skin, and retina. It is found in salmon, caviar, anchovies, mackerel, herring and other fatty fish. It is also present in fish oil, some types of meat, eggs and dairy Vegetarians and vegans are often lacking DHA, and should take microalgae supplements to make sure they have enough of this crucial Omega-3 fatty acid in their system.